Periodontal disease is the advanced stage of gum disease and can lead to very serious health problems if not treated promptly. Most Periodontal issues can be linked to diet, oral hygiene habits and as a result of using certain medications.
About Bleeding Gum and Gum Disease
If dental plaque is able to build up on your teeth, it will cause gum disease. Most people are affected by gum disease at some stage in their life. Bleeding gums, especially whilst brushing teeth, is a clear sign that gum disease has occurred. A bleeding gum is not normal no matter what your age may be.
Signs that you may have periodontal disease:
- Red, swollen, painful or bleeding gums
- Receding gum lines or loose teeth or dentures
- Constant bad breath
- Abscesses in between or around the teeth
To identify the cause of periodontal disease it is important to have a full dental examination with Dr Zamani. This examination usually includes a gum assessment along with x-rays to determine the problem areas.
What causes gum disease?
Poor oral hygiene is the major cause of gum disease. Inadequate brushing and flossing enables dental plaque to form and build up around teeth and gums. If that build up is allowed to continue calculus will form and the gums then become inflamed.
Circumstances which can increase the risk of poor oral hygiene causing gum disease to occur are things such as smoking, hormonal changes (eg. Puberty or pregnancy), diabetes, stress and poor nutrition.
Following your dental examination Dr Zamani will devise a treatment plan specifically tailored for your type of gum disease. Periodontal treatment aims to remove surrounding irritants such as bacteria, plaque and calculus. Your treatment may be carried out over several visits and usually involves:
- Scaling – Removal of deposits of plaque and calculus above and just below the gum line.
- Root Planning –Removal of plaque and calculus carefully from the roots of the teeth leaving a hard, smooth, clean root surface.
- Medication – Antibiotics may be issued to assist the body in fighting the infection.